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Creating a PowerPoint Presentation

PowerPoint 97 Version


By the end of this exercise, you will have created a Power Point Presentation complete with pictures, sounds, graph bars and dynamic eye catching backgrounds and special effects as seen by professional speakers. When your done, you can sit back and enjoy the show you created! It is important you bring a floppy disc with you to computer lab so you can save your work in class.

Starting PowerPoint

Double click on the PowerPoint 97 icon, or click-on Start in the lower left corner of the screen, then click-on Programs, and then on Microsoft PowerPoint.

In the window above, click in the small "circle" to the left of Blank presentation, and then click-on OK.


This New Slide screen shows you slide layout options. Highlight each one and notice, in turn, the type of slide shown in the box on the lower right hand box of screen. To proceed, highlight the first slide (Title Slide) by pointing cursor and clicking once. Then click on OK to select.

Beginning the Presentation

Slide 1

You will notice, in the lower left corner of the screen, that it indicates Slide 1 of 1. You will also see that your screen looks like the one below.


Point cursor in the "Click to add title" box and Click. Enter (type-in) the title: Issues In Professional Nursing

Click on the second box "Click to add sub-title" and type:

(your name)

Look at the top of the browser and find "Insert" under there you will see a New Slide "button". Click-on it to create your next slide.


Point cursor to the second slide layout in the top row (Bulleted List). Click-on it to select this layout and then click on OK.


Slide 2

You will once again see the New Slide screen. Notice that it defaults to the second slide in the top row; Bulleted List. This is the one you want, so click-on OK.


The next slide will look like the screen below:


Click in the Click to add title box and type: Seminar Presentation Schedule.

Click in the Click to add text box and type:

Course Overview (tap Enter)

Presenting Presentations (tap Enter)

Seminar Presentation Day (tap Enter)

Computer Workshop

Notice how each line appears with a "bullet" ( ) in front of it.

Click on New Slide again.

Slide 3

Point cursor to the first slide in the third row (Text & Clip Art). Click-on it, to highlight the slide, and then click- on OK.


The following screen will now appear:

Click-in the Click to add title box and type: Preparing For Seminar Classes

Click in the Click to add text box and type:

Attendance (tap Enter)
Participation (tap Enter)
Reading Materials (tap Enter)
Preparing Topic

Double-click in the Double click to add clip art box. A clip art window will now appear like the one below. You will see various categories of Clip Art. Clicking on each of these catagories, will take you to a sub catagory. To go back and pick a different catagory, click on the colored "back" arrow in the opened clip art gallary box. Click-up-and-down until you find one you like. There may not be one you easily associate with your topic, so choose one you like. Click-on it and then click-on Insert. The Clip Art now appears in your third slide. If you donít like that choice, click on the picture and press the del key to delete the picture. Then repeat the selection process. Once you choose a picture, click on the first icon with the "paper and arrow" to insert it into your slide. A Drawing tool bar may appear when you insert the Clip Art. You can click-on the "little X" to close it if you donít want to see it.



Saving your work

Now would be a good time to save your work for the first time. Point to and click-on File in the Menu bar. Click-on Save. In the upper left corner of the window that appears, you will see a Save in:. Click-on the small triangle on the right and it will show you the various disk drives available on which you can save. Point to the one you want and click-on it. If you choose the 3Ĺ Floppy (A:), make sure you have a formatted disk in the A drive. If you choose the C:, choose the folder in which you want to save by double clicking on the folder.

Put cursor in the box to the right of File name: Then type in (name of your presentation) and click-on OK.

Close presentation by clicking on small x at the right upper corner of your screen BE SURE TO SAVE YOUR WORK

Open by going to "file" at the top far left corner of your screen and click on the FILE/OPEN and then, find the file that you just saved.

In the lower left corner of the screen you will see some "buttons" the look like this:

Slowly point your cursor arrow at each box (donít click-on any of the boxís yet) just note what the Text Help boxes indicate. The first box (which looks "depressed") indicates: Slide View. The next: Outline View. Then Slide Sorter View. Then Notes Page View. And, finally, Slide Show.

Click-on Outline View, then click-on Slide Sorter View, then click-on Notes Page View. Each one has its own unique use.

The Slide View gives you a view of the entire slide.

The Outline view shows you an "outline" of your slides. You may edit each slide just as you did in Slide View. Since you can see so much, many people use this view to create their initial slide show and then go back to Slide View to put in Clip Art and other effects (sound, transitions, etc.)

In Slide Sorter View you can see small versions of your slides. In this view you can click-on, and drag your slides to the positions you desire. This view assists you to arrange your slides in the order that you desire for your presentation.

In Notes Pages View you can type "speaker notes" for each slide in the lower half of the screen.

Return to the Slide Sorter View. Click once on the last slide; slide 3.

Click on New Slide. (top of browser under "Insert")

Slide 4

Point cursor to the second slide layout (Bulleted List). Click-on it to select the slide, and then click on OK.

Click on the Click to add title box and type: Suggested Topics

Click on the Click to add text box and type:
Education In Nursing (tap Enter)
Politics In Nursing (tap Enter)
Mentorship in Nursing (tap Enter)
Respect As A Profession (tap Enter)

If your text wonít fit in the box completely, click-on the box border. You will notice "little Boxes" at the four corners, and in the middle of the top and bottom, and on each side. Click-on (and hold down the left mouse button) either the center top or center bottom box and drag the box up or down a little to enlarge the larger text area so that text fits on the screen. If your "Suggested Topics" are now "mixed-in" with the text below, click-on Suggested Topics. Then click-on the edge of the "edge" of the "box" (a small up-down-left-right arrow will appear), hold down the left mouse button, and drag the box up a bit.


Itís a good idea to save as you complete each slide. Save, as you did before, or click-on the small slide button (below File in the Menu Bar) and open.

Click on New Slide.

Slide 5

Click on the first slide in the second row (Text and Chart). Click OK.

Click on the Click to Add title text box and type: Most Interesting Topics?

Click on the Click to add text box and type:

100 people were interviewed to find what topics would be of most interest as seminar presentations. (you donít have to tap enter, as this is one long statement).

Now weíll make a graph to show the survey data.

Double click-on the Click to add graph box. A Datasheet appears.


We are going to enter data for our graph in this Datasheet. Double click and hit back space on the box with "East" and replace "East" with Education, then "West" with Politics, "North" with Mentor, and in the cell (box) below North, enter Respect. Now, click on "1st Qtr" and type-in Best. Arrow down the column to box next to Education and enter 33, then by Politics enter 11, by Mentor enter 46, and by Respect enter 10. Your Datasheet should now look like this:

We want a simple graph so we need to delete the rest of the fields. To do this, put your cursor on the B in the Gray area at the top of the Datasheet. Go to Edit, at the top of your browser, and choose "Delete". Repeat this step for cell C and D. Your Datasheet should now look like this:

Click the small "X" in the upper right hand corner of the Datasheet.

Every now and then you might make a mistake in the Datasheet. If you have "closed" it, you can get it back by double clicking on the graphic of the data sheet your are working on. The data box pictured above will open up again and you can continue.

Your graph may need some adjusting so that all of the "words" show completely. You will want to change the size of the box the graph is in, so click-on the graph. Click-on the side, using the grabber boxes on the side like you did previously, and drag the side until the graph gets larger. If you make the graph wider, the word "Best" will move to one line. Click-on the legend (the box with the education, politics, etc. inside) and move that whole box to the top right hand part of the graph figure to make it more legible. Work with the various parts of the graph until it looks OK.

Click on New Slide.

Slide 6

Click on the third slide, third row (Title Only) to highlight and click on OK.


Click in the Click to add title box and type: Enjoy The Seminar! Now, letís make the letters larger. Highlight your ending (Enjoy The Seminar!) by putting your cursor at the beginning of the first word, click and hold down the left mouse button and drag it across the words, then let up. The Title shoud be highlighted. Now, put your cursor on the box under the tool bar that has a number in it (when your cursor is on it the Text Help box will indicate Font Size). Click on the arrow there and scroll down to 72 and click. To change color and font go to "Format", at the top of your browser and choose "Font". Here, you can change type, size and color as well.

Save your work

Now point the cursor away from the Title box and click the left mouse button. This is called "clicking away." This will "turn-off" the box.

Point to View in the Menu Bar and click. When the menu list appears, move the cursor down to Toolbars. When the list appears, click-on Drawing. The Drawing toolbar will appear at the top, side or bottom of the screen. Now click-on AutoShapes and a small box of shapes will appear.



Click-on Stars and Banners. Click-on the first starburst in the top row. When you have clicked, the cursor will change to "cross hairs" when you move it into the slide area.

Now move the cross hairs up into the area below the title. Click and hold down the left mouse button, and drag down and to the right. Release the button. A starburst should appear as below.



Save your work.




You have completed the first stage of your presentation. If you would like to view how it will look, go to the tool bar at the top and click on View and click on Slide Show.

You will need to tap the space bar or the left mouse button to get the screens to move during the show. When you get to the end of the "show" the presentation will return to your slides. Anytime you want to end the show, simply tap the Esc key in the upper left hand corner of the keyboard or tap the right mouse button and click on end show.

Enhancing the presentation:

Not too spectacular? Letís spice it up!


Go to the Slide Sorter button at the bottom left.
Click on the button with four white squares.

You can now see all seven slides. Click on the first slide to highlight the slide (a heavy black border will surround the slide). Now point in the middle of the slide and click on your right mouse button. This button will allow you to enhance your presentation. First, select the Slide transition from the menu which appears (click-on it).

You will now see the box below. Transitions determine how the slides "change" from one slide to the next. To see this, need to watch the little dog as you do the following.


To activate a transition, click on the triangle on the right hand side of the box which indicates: No Transition, to see your choices. Scroll up and down noticing how each transition works by clicking on it and then watching the dog or key in the Slide Transition box. If you think it is moving too fast, click in the little circle to the left of Slow.

This screen also allows you to time you transitions from slide to slide. For now, leave it as it is. Later on, return here and Click on Advance Automatically After, and insert 5 to 10 (for seconds) in the box. Then, click on OK. Follow this procedure for each of the seven slides. Highlight the next slide, right click the mouse, select transition, choose your effect, and select automatically.

Also notice in the lower right corner the Sound. Currently, the box indicates [No Sound]. You can click-on the down triangle and see Microsoft "Clip Sounds". If you choose one of these it will "sound" as your slide transitions. You can pick one now, or wait until later.

Notice in the upper right corner of the Slide Transition box that it indicates Apply to All and also Apply. If you click-on Apply to All, PowerPoint will apply the transition and sound you chose to ALL of the slides. This is wonderful if you want the same sound, each time, a slide transitions. If you donít want this effect, click-on Apply, and the transition and sound will only apply to the slide your on. I like to hold off on the sounds here. However, if you "run" all the way down to the bottom of the Effects box, you will see Random Transition. If you click-on Random Transition, and then click-on Apply to All, then all the slides will each transition randomly. You can alternately click-on the dog and key to view the transition effects. When you have decided which transition you want click-on either Apply or Apply to All.

When you return to Slide Sorter View, you will notice a small box with an arrow at the lower left corner. This indicates a slide will transition. If you click-on it you will see the effect each time you click.


Building is a term indicating how each line of the text, on a slide, will enter the screen. The lines can fly in from almost any direction. To Build the text on each slide, follow these directions. Go back to Slide View. You can do this in Slide Sorter View by double clicking-on the first slide, or Clicking on the Slide View button on the lower left of the screen. When the Slide View screen appears, click-on the first line of text. The "box" you saw, when you first typed in this box, will appear. This indicates that the box is "active." Now, right click in the box.

When you right-click, the following menu will appear. Click-on Custom AnimationÖ

The following screen will appear:

Notice a number of "things" in this menu screen. In the upper right, you see a small picture of the "text area" you clicked-on. This confirms your "click." In the lower half of the screen there is a "tab box." Notice that it "defaults" to an Effects "tab". In a manner similar to Slide Transitions, text can also transition. Click-on the small triangle to the right of No Effect. You will see effects similar to those in Slide Transition. Click-on one. You will not see the effect as you did in the Slide Transition screen. Notice now that as soon as you select an effect, several other areas of this menu screen become "active."


First notice to the right an area labeled "Introduce text." Click-on the small triangle.


This area indicates the manner in which the text you have selected will enter the slide. All at once means what is says. The whole title will enter at once. By Word means that the text will enter word by word. By Letter means that the text will enter letter by letter. Itís a lot of fun to experiment here. Try them all. Next weíll cover sound. It is neat to combine certain sounds with certain text introductions. For example, the By Letter introduction combined with the Typewriter sound, looks and sounds like text being typed in one letter at a time.


Now notice the Sound area on the left. Click-on the small triangle and select a sound from the list.  When you have selected all the effect you desire, click-on OK.


You can view these build effects by clicking on the Slide Show button (on bottom left-it looks like a movie screen). You will need to press space bar or left mouse button to make each line of text enter. When you have viewed your effect, tap the Escape key (upper left corner of keyboard) and you will return to Slide View. When you are back in Slide View for the first slide, click on the next text box and repeat the above. When you have completed the first slide, move to each successive slide, click-on the various text boxes, and repeat the process.


When you click-on a text area that is a bulleted list you will see an additional effect. The Grouped by "1st" level paragraph indicates whether one line, or multiple lines will enter. Here is another area where it is fun to experiment.



This simply reminds you not to forget sounds for Transitions and Builds that will enhance your presentation. Be careful. Sometimes, too many effects can overwhelm and detract from a presentation. Weíll start with the first slide, so go to Slide View and then to Slide 1.

Click-on Format in the Menu bar and then on

Add Color

Now for some color!!

There are a number of different methods you can use to add color. First weíll use some basic methods and then try some "exotic" effects.

First go to Slide View and then go to Slide 1. Then click-on Format in the Menu Bar and then click-on Slide Color Scheme.




The following menu screen will appear.



As you can see in the above screen, there are several color schemes you can choose from. Click-on one, and then click-on Apply. The first slide will now have those effects. Repeat the process until you find one you like. Note: if you click-on Apply, this applies the colors to Slide 1. And, if you click-on Apply to All, then all of the slides have the selected color scheme.

You will notice at the top of the Menu screen that there are two tabs. You are currently on the Standard tab. Click-on the Custom tab. This allows you to change specific colors in the Slide Scheme that you chose. Click-on a couple of these to see how this works.


You can try this on several slides if you want. Once you have the hang of it, there are several ways you can enhance these effects.

Now click-on Format in the Menu Bar again. Next, click-on Background. The following Menu Screen will appear. Click-on the small triangle in the bottom portion of this screen.

Now click-on Fill Effects. Notice in the Screen Menu below that there are a number of choices.


Click-on several of the Shading Styles and observe the effects on the right. Also, note the tabs at the top. Click-on Texture and Pattern and observe the effects. If you want your entire slide to be a picture, this is what the last tab is for. When you have an effect you like, click-on OK and then click-on Apply.



You can be in any Slide View (Slide View and Slide Sorter View are preferable). Click-on Format in the Menu Bar, and then Click-on Apply Design.

Click on the choices on the left side of the window. On the right side a special template will appear with its own formatting. Pick one you like and then click on Apply. Be sure to scroll up and down and to click on additional choices. Note: with Templates, they are automatically applied to all of the slides. You may choose additional effects for the Templates by using the Background and Slide Color Scheme.


Run the show:

Well, now you have a real presentation. If you would like to view how it will look, go to the tool bar at the top and click on View. Then click on Slide Show, or you can just click on the Slide Show button at the bottom.

If you have set times, Click on Use Slide Timings and then on Show.

Now save the presentation as you did before. Then File, Exit Power Point.

These are the basics for a Power Point presentation. You may want to try tinkering with the color menus and the timing options.

courtesy of Anneliese Garrison, RN
web site:

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